Russia unveils major plans for Northern Sea Route
俄力推北方海路 官宣15年发展规划
SOURCE: themoscowtimes |UPDATED: 2020-01-17Visit Statistics:

The Russian government has announced a major infrastructure development plan for the Northern Sea Route (NSR) as part of its efforts to make the Arctic viable for commercial shipping. 

The document, which has been in the making for some time, was signed by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev and published before the end of 2019. The plan is sweeping with 84 separate initiatives, which covers the building of new ships, mapping of natural resources, and the launch of new satellites and meteorological equipment. 

Most of the initiatives will be supported by Rosatom, the state nuclear power giant that has already invested heavily in the NSR. 

The document builds on President Vladimir Putin’s decrees from May 2018 to boost annual shipments on the Northern Sea Route to 80 million metric tons by 2024. 

As part of the plan, four regional airports will get major upgrades and about 40 new vessels will be built by 2035, including several nuclear icebreakers. 

The country also plans to build a number of railways connecting industrial heartlands to the Arctic coast. This includes a 46-kilometer-long railway and port facilities on the western banks of Kola Bay. 

Major dredging operations in the Gulf of Ob are set to begin as well to pave the way for sailing with big vessels in the region. Both the dredging and the railway projects are due to be completed by December 2021. 

A few of the initiatives are already close to being finished, such as a regional geological exploration program that is to be adopted by April this year. And by June, key decisions are to be taken on the development of a railway line to Sabetta, the seaport and liquified natural gas (LNG) terminal on the northern coast of the Yamal peninsula. 

 

The Northern Sea Route (NSR) is a shipping lane between the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean along the Russian coast of Siberia and the Far East, crossing five Arctic Seas: the Barents Sea, the Kara Sea, the Laptev Sea, the East Siberian Sea and the Chukchi Sea. It was considered to be of great importance that could cut the travel time between Asia and Europe by 40% via the Suez Canal and 60% via the Cape of Good Hope.

Editor: Pauline Tai

俄政府总理梅德韦杰夫已签署通过了北方海路2035基础设施建设规划,推进北极地区的商业航运。该文件已经酝酿了一段时间,并于12月30日在政府网站上发布。 

北方海路是俄罗斯推进的一个重大项目,航道连接太平洋和大西洋,穿过巴伦支海、喀拉海、拉普捷夫海、东西伯利亚海和楚科奇海五大海域,是连接亚欧的“黄金水道”。随着全球气候变暖,该条航线商业价值大增,北方海路的综合开发计划将有助于发挥俄罗斯的运输物流优势。 

2018年普京总统的“五月令”指出,要确保到2024年北方海航道的货运量达到8000万吨。规划以此为基础制定,共列有多达84条措施,涉及海路干线各种基础设施的升级改造,北极自然资源的开采和极地水文气象站与卫星通讯的建设。俄罗斯国家原子能公司Rosatom作为北方海路的主要投资商,将负责大部分的发展项目。 

根据规划,到2035年,俄将建造约40艘新船,其中几艘是核动力破冰船,来打造一支“重量级”的北极船队;4个地区机场将迎来重大翻新;同时拟修建多条铁路,加强国家工业中心与北极沿海地区的联系,包括在科拉湾西岸兴建码头和全长46公里直达港口的铁路支线。 

为使大型船只能在北极水域通航,鄂毕湾的大型疏浚工程也开工在即,预计于2021年12月完成。 

规划中的一些项目将在近期完成,包括俄政府将在今年4月通过一项区域地质勘探方案,而6月将对修建萨贝塔港铁路线做出重要决定。